africafestival-international.org

CULTURE & IDENTITY

WITHIN THE AFRICAN UNION, THERE ARE 6 REGIONS: NORTH AFRICA, WEST AFRICA, CENTRAL AFRICA, EAST AFRICA, SOUTHERN AFRICA, PLUS ONE LAST REGION, THE “SIXTH REGION“, WHICH CONSTITUTES THE AFRICAN DIASPORA

WHO ARE THE AFRICAN DIASPORA? The African Union defines the African Diaspora as "Consisting of people of African origin living outside the continent, irrespective of their citizenship and nationality and who are willing to contribute to the development of the continent and the building of the African Union." Its constitutive act declares that it shall "invite and encourage the full participation of the African Diaspora as an important part of our continent, in the building of the African Union."

The Diaspora Division of the African Union serves as the focal point and hub for implementing the African Union decision to invite and encourage the African Diaspora to participate in the building and development of the African continent. Its main task therefore, is to serve as a catalyst for rebuilding the global African family in the service of the development and integration agenda of the continent.

Within this context, the Diaspora Division serves as the counterpart of the Civil Society Division for the diaspora. As such, it carries out responsibilities that its counterpart performs for civil society for the African Diaspora.

THE AFRICA WE WANT



YOUTH, IDENTITY, EDUCATION JOBS AND MIGRATION

The Diaspora Forum seeks to address fundamental issues with Africans on the continent, African Diaspora and Migrant Communities - Challenges and seeking Practical solutions. Since 2020, Dr Susan Tatah created the Pan-African Daily TV, Social Media Platforms connecting the African Diaspora with Africans on the continent. She conducted more than 1000 Interviews and daily conversations focused on The Africa we want by Africans. With carefully selected Guest Speakers and Lecturers -Professionals, Academias, Opinions from different backgrounds - Historians, Researchers, Authors, Civil Society Experts, Politicians, Teachers, Spiritualist, Psychologist, Advocates and the Voiceless. The idea of this platform is to initiate communication and enhance dialogue between Africans at home and abroad. The platform is widely followed by Africans seeking solutions to challenges in other to enhance economic growth, self development and solidarity.

Africa is not “a continent of massive exodus”

• Around 70% of sub-Saharan migrants stay within the continent • Africa even hosts a growing part of the global migrant population in 2017, receiving 67% more migrants than in 2000, mainly from the continent
Migration is about aspirations, not desperation: African migrants are not mostly “uneducated single men, looking for welfare coverage”
• They are mostly young people, educated, looking for jobs. Almost half of them are women
• Around 80% of African migrations are driven by the hope for better economic prospects • Only around 20% are refugees
• In 2017 the total number of African refugees (≈7.4 million) was only slightly higher than the sole number of Syrian refugees (≈6.3 million) • Migrants are not “a burden on local services” • They are more often a valuable and sought-after resource. In many countries, migrants often constitute a key solution to labour shortages
• High-skilled: In many high-income countries migrants constitute a large part of the health care workforce
• Low-skilled: In South Africa, migrants from Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe fill the gaps in the construction sector
• Migrants have a positive impact on the economy of the hosting country
• Migrants spend approximately 85% of their incomes in the hosting country
• The estimated contribution of migrants to national GDPs is estimated at 19% in Côte d’Ivoire, 13% in Rwanda, and 9% in South Africa
Migration is about aspirations, not desperation: African migrants are not mostly “uneducated single men, looking for welfare coverage” • They are mostly young people, educated, looking for jobs. Almost half of them are women • Around 80% of African migrations are driven by the hope for better economic prospects • Only around 20% are refugees
• In 2017 the total number of African refugees (≈7.4 million) was only slightly higher than the sole number of Syrian refugees (≈6.3 million)
• Migrants are not “a burden on local services”
• They are more often a valuable and sought-after resource. In many countries, migrants often constitute a key solution to labour shortages • High-skilled: In many high-income countries migrants constitute a large part of the health care workforce
• Low-skilled: In South Africa, migrants from Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe fill the gaps in the construction sector
• Migrants have a positive impact on the economy of the hosting country
• Migrants spend approximately 85% of their incomes in the hosting country
• The estimated contribution of migrants to national GDPs is estimated at 19% in Côte d’Ivoire, 13% in Rwanda, and 9% in South Africa

The world is generally more positive than negative towards migration • Europe is the only region where more than half of the people want immigration levels to decrease
• Within the African continent, most of the people would like immigration levels to stay the same or even rise
• At the global level, Rwanda is the third most welcoming country to migrants, despite having the second highest human density in Africa
• It is key to include young Africans in this discussion because they are the majority of the population and the future of the growing continent. Sources: Mo Ibrahim Foundation

YOUTH & EDUCATION